In Hunter, the place coal is king, a Labor heartland seat faces a robust Coalition problem


If there’s one place within the nation the place the rubber hits the highway on Australia’s decades-long dialogue in regards to the local weather disaster, fossil fuels, mining and jobs – it’s the seat of Hunter. The coal-rich voters, which spans from Lake Macquarie within the south to north-west of Newcastle, is the epicentre of seismic shifts within the panorama; large modifications that are political, financial and literal in nature.

The financial shift comes because the proud mining area begins to ponder a future after coal. Each the Coalition and Labor are telling the Hunter some variation of “if the world desires to purchase our coal, we’ll promote it”, with residents proudly speaking up the minerals reduce from Singleton and Muswellbrook because the cleanest on Earth; however each side additionally spruik the Hunter as a possible world hub for clear vitality, hydrogen, inexperienced metal and aluminium. Billions of {dollars} are pouring in. Locals discuss of photo voltaic panels and transition.

The political change comes on two fronts in Hunter. On the 2019 election, the veteran Labor MP, Joel Fitzgibbon, held on by his fingernails, seeing his 12.5% margin in 2016 slashed to only lower than 3% within the face of a thundering 21.5% vote to One Nation – the far-right occasion’s finest consequence within the nation. Fitzgibbon, who has held the seat for 26 years – he inherited Hunter from his father, Eric, who held it for 12 years earlier than that – is retiring, one other political shockwave.

The literal large change is his aspiring substitute, Dan Repacholi, a two-metre-tall (6ft 8in) man-mountain with a historical past within the mines, a Viking’s beard and three Commonwealth Video games gold medals in pistol taking pictures; a captain’s pick with a colourful history.

“Cessnock, gateway to the paradise,” was Repacholi’s welcome to the nation’s media pack when the Labor chief Anthony Albanese’s travelling marketing campaign circus visited Hunter on 14 April.

However not everybody agrees.

“It’s an excellent place to dwell,” says Grant, out strolling his canines in Cessnock’s predominant road. “After I got here again after travelling the world, all people’s like, ‘That dump? Thank God you escaped it.’ However I prefer it. It’s received soul, although it wants a complete lot of issues.”

‘It is a mining city’: Lincoln on the Imperial Resort in Singleton. {Photograph}: Blake Sharp-Wiggins/The Guardian

On a three-day journey to Hunter in March, Guardian Australia finds a area fretting about its future. Questions on coal’s future or the closure of mines elicits nervousness from some (“We gained’t have a inhabitants,” warns Dave) and pleasure from others; discuss of local weather change results in concern about children’ futures from some, concern about job prospects from others.

“You’ll be able to throw local weather change out the window,” says Lincoln, sipping a schooner of Toohey’s New within the solar exterior Singleton’s Imperial Resort. “It is a mining city.

“The boys and girls right here, they dig coal. That’s what we do.”


Hunter has been held repeatedly by Labor since 1910. A mining city, a union city, it’s as a lot a heartland seat for the ALP as Wentworth and Kooyong are for the Liberals. However simply as these blue-ribbon metropolis seats are all of the sudden below risk for the Coalition, so too is Hunter for Labor – for roughly the identical local weather and vitality causes, albeit on the different finish of the political argument.

Fitzgibbon, the native MP since 1996, had an almighty fright in 2019 when preferences from One Nation’s surging vote almost noticed the Nationals leapfrog him. He spent the following two years calling to place “labour again into Labor”, a thorn in Albanese’s facet as he agitated to “reconnect with the working-class base” which he claimed had been “abandoned” because the occasion distanced itself from coal and mines.

That Albanese picked a giant, bearded coalminer as his captain’s choose for Fitzgibbon’s substitute – in opposition to the desires of native ALP members – wasn’t a coincidence.

“A few of these folks could be three generations of getting a household working within the mines,” says Di, out buying in Lake Macquarie.

Graeme and Di in Lake Macquarie
Graeme and Di in Lake Macquarie. {Photograph}: Blake Sharp-Wiggins/The Guardian

“It’s all the time been some type of standing for these folks to be working within the coalmine.”

Lincoln, a longtime electrical engineer within the mines, says folks can see the longer term. “It’s going to occur,” he says. “It’s inevitable, they’ve to shut the coalmines.”

Ben, a younger dad and an electrician working within the mines, is out buying in Singleton.

“I’d wish to see them shut down,” he says. “I’ve received a toddler. Local weather change is a reasonably large difficulty, particularly within the coming years, and I don’t need her to develop up in a world that’s completely totally different to what it’s now.

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“Lots of people round this space, and I don’t need to offend anyone round this space, however they all the time care about jobs greater than they care in regards to the surroundings, the way forward for youngsters.

“There’s all the time extra jobs. There’s all the time new areas to work in. However I simply don’t suppose coal’s considered one of them.”

Di and her husband, Graeme, say they’d be glad to see coalmines within the space shut. However Graeme warns that the pending closure of the Eraring coal energy station, due in 2025, will probably be “horrific for this space” by way of job losses.

Ben and Sierra with their daughter Olivia in Singleton
‘I’d wish to see them shut down’: Ben and Sierra with their daughter Olivia in Singleton. {Photograph}: Blake Sharp-Wiggins/The Guardian

Grant says within the Hunter: “Most individuals are frightened about employment after the mines shut.”

Upgrading native roads and infrastructure, and ready occasions to see a GP, are different points that appear to be on the forefront of voters’ minds. Labor’s marketing campaign guarantees up to now embody inserting considered one of their pressing care clinics within the voters, in addition to altering Medicare settings to encourage extra docs to remain within the area; whereas the Nationals have pledged huge bucks for a freeway bypass at Singleton.

A coal train makes its way out of Singleton
A coal prepare makes its manner out of Singleton. {Photograph}: Jessica Hromas/The Guardian

Nevertheless it’s coal, vitality and jobs which just about each dialog come again to.

“The wealth created on this area goes out the port of Newcastle and that wealth is multiplied in cities round this nation,” the Nationals candidate, James Thomson, tells us.

“We owe loads to the folks within the Hunter area. It’s essential we take heed to them and what their issues are for future.”

A group relations officer at a neighborhood Christian faculty, Thomson doesn’t appear to be your traditional Nats politician. Softly spoken and articulate, he admits he’s most likely received extra supporters within the extra upmarket, tourist-friendly Lake Macquarie finish of the voters than within the farm and mine-heavy northern edge.

Thomson says he’s “involved” about local weather change, and seems genuinely passionate when speaking about diversifying the financial system past coal and conventional industries. However stresses his perception that the Hunter’s “cleaner” coal is “a part of the answer, not the issue”.

James Thomson meets farmers at Nundah Holsteins dairy farm in Scotts Flat
James Thomson meets farmers at Nundah Holsteins dairy farm in Scotts Flat. {Photograph}: Blake Sharp-Wiggins/The Guardian

“It’s straightforward for any individual to sip on a latte within the inside metropolis of Melbourne and say what ought to occur within the Hunter,” Thomson says. At that actual second, he’s sipping on a $5 almond chai latte as we met for breakfast in Singleton.

“However now we have a robust mining business right here which is definitely part of the answer. It’s the cleanest coal on the planet.”

The Coalition is giving Hunter an actual shake. Scott Morrison’s April go to made headlines for the flawed causes when the prime minister was bailed up by an offended pensioner on the Edgeworth Tavern, however Morrison namechecks the area nearly day by day when giving his stump speeches on the marketing campaign path. The Nationals chief, Barnaby Joyce, has been a daily customer, and the March funds poured billions into the area for vitality hubs.

Dairy cows at the Scotts Flat farm
Cows lined up on the Scotts Flat farm. {Photograph}: Blake Sharp-Wiggins/The Guardian

Labor is alive to the battle. In January the occasion executed a clumsy Hunter backflip – after pillorying the Coalition’s plans to again a gasoline energy plant at Kurri Kurri, Albanese introduced that Labor supported it in any case, on the proviso it ran on inexperienced hydrogen. Analysts have stated the plant was not needed to maintain electricity provide and didn’t “stack up” commercially, given the vary of cheaper and cleaner alternate options in improvement.

The ALP’s backdown pointed to its concern about showing to not assist a serious industrial improvement in an industrial city already buffeted by the winds of change.

“It says to me that there’s a temper for change for 100 years,” Thomson says of the Nationals’ end in 2019.

Jo, on her manner right into a Singleton buying centre, isn’t a fan of Fitzgibbon.

“I simply can’t even consider something that Joel has executed,” she says. “He’s been in for about 12 years.”

Guardian Australia corrects her to say Fitzgibbon has been member for Hunter for some 26 years.

“Oh, God,” she says, laughing, “time for him to go.”

Jo in Singleton
Jo in Singleton. {Photograph}: Blake Sharp-Wiggins/The Guardian

Tright here’s a steel plaque on a boulder within the backyard out the entrance of a burger store in Cessnock’s predominant drag. It marks Repacholi’s induction into the Cessnock Corridor of Fame, for his sports activities taking pictures prowess.

Repacholi is sitting at a steel desk in entrance of it, consuming a double-decker cheese burger at 10am. We’re speaking about coal.

“There’s an enormous market nonetheless there … a large demand for coal on this space,” the previous miner says, keen to speak about his assist for the business.

“However, whereas we’re doing that, we have to diversify our area as properly and produce in additional business. We have to convey manufacturing again to Australia.”

It’s a extra diplomatic reply than his 2016 Fb submit: “Should you don’t assist coal then sit at the hours of darkness and freeze this winter.” It was amongst a number of explicit social media posts for which he has since apologised. Albanese accepted Repacholi’s contrition, saying, “In 10 years’ time… there gained’t be candidates, when you take a look at what younger folks do on social media.”

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Repacholi says the Hunter is “vastly excited” a couple of future as a clear vitality hub, a centre for hydrogen in Australia. However on the identical time, there’s upheaval; the pending closure of Eraring, and the even sooner closure of Liddell, two heartland native employers. When requested tips on how to discuss to miners and coal plant staff in regards to the truth they could have to retrain or discover new work, Repacholi stops to think about for a second.

“It’s nearly being trustworthy with them,” he says. “It’s having a plan and letting them know what that plan … so that everybody can work in the direction of the longer term.

“I nonetheless suppose it’d be fairly a couple of years off, to be trustworthy. I imply many, a few years off.”

Others agree.

“Individuals have been predicting [coal’s] demise for a while now, and I can’t see it,” says John Preston, strolling by way of Branxton.

“Coalminers are usually fairly adamant about the way in which they make their dwelling.”

Preston, a former Liberal and Shooters Fishers and Farmers candidate, claims Australians have “stopped listening to” Morrison however warns that individuals within the Hunter even have reservations about Albanese.

“I simply don’t suppose Australians know sufficient about him … I don’t suppose his pursuits are going to be aligned with the Hunter Valley,” Preston says.

“They’re nonetheless suspicious about him that he by some means desires to strangle what’s a really viable business.”

Di and Graeme, again in Lake Macquarie, have break up opinions. Graeme, a lifetime Labor man, desires Albanese within the prime job; Di, usually a Liberal voter, doesn’t have type phrases for both Morrison or the Labor chief.

“Excuse the French, he’s a dickhead,” Di says of Morrison.

“However I’m dissatisfied in [Albanese] … For the normal Labor voters, I feel he’s positive. However for folks like me. I’m on the lookout for somebody that’s received a little bit bit extra oomph to him.”



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